Part One OPERA
Chapter 1 The Origins of Opera
Early opera composers
Star spot: Claudio Monteverdi
Chords and chord relationships
Setting words to music
Chords and monody
Supporting the drama-Monteverdi's orchestra
The spread of opera
Operatic voice types
Chapter 2 Late Baroque Opera
Late Baroque opera composers
Star spot: George Frederic Handel
Caesar's aria-`Empio, diro, tu sei'
Triads and their inversions
Cadences perfect and plagal
The Neapolitan 6th
Baroque compositional devices
Cleopatra's aria-`Se pieta'
Other types of choral works
Chapter 3 Gluck and Opera Reform
Classical era opera composers
Star spot: Christoph Willibald Gluck
Orpheus and Euridice
Orpheus's aria-`Che faro senza Euridice'
Phrasing in Classical melody
Writing a libretto
The Classical opera orchestra
War of the Buffoons
Amore's aria-`Gli squardi trattieni'
Harmonically derived melodies
Chapter 4 The Opera of Mozart
Star spot: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Overture to Don Giovanni
Leporello's aria-`Madamina' (`The Catalogue Aria')
The V7 chord
Finale to Act 2, Marriage of Figaro
Diction and articulation
Chapter 5 Italian Opera in the Nineteenth Century
Italian opera composers
Star spot: Giuseppe Verdi
The Duke's aria-`La donna e mobile'
Cadences-imperfect and interrupted
The diminished chord
Ensemble-`Povero Rigoletto' and `Cortigiani vil razza dannata'
The operatic score
Extending the range
Famous opera houses
Chapter 6 Nineteenth Century Opera in Northern Europe
Northern European opera composers
Star spot: Richard Wagner
Tristan and Isolde
Siegfried's funeral music
The circle of fifths
The Tristan chord
Chapter 7 Opera in the Twentieth Century
Twentieth century opera composers
Star spot: Benjamin Britten
Passacaglia and Act 2, scene 2, Peter Grimes
Impressionism in opera
Pelleas and Melisande
Atonality in opera
Act 3, scene 4-`Wozzeck's suicide'
Jazz influences in opera
The music of Porgy and Bess
Voices-the Fach system
Chapter 8 Opera in Australia
Australian opera composers
Star spot: Richard Mills
Act 3-`Lucretia's plea'
In his voice-a composer speaks
Writing an opera scene
Basic opera production terms
Staging an opera scene
Famous Australian singers
Chapter 9 Chinese Opera
Characteristics of Beijing opera
Unicorn Trapping Purse (Suo Lin Nang)
Characteristics of Chinese opera music
Beijing arias and dialogue
Chinese opera instruments
Unusual performance conventions
Issues facing Beijing opera
Divide card: Composition and Performance
Part Two MUSIC THEATRE
Chapter 10 Origins of the Modern Musical
Early music theatre genres
Writing new lyrics to an existing song
The Black Crook
The patter song
`As Some Day It May Happen'
`A Wand'ring Minstrel I'
Three-part vocal harmony-`Three Little Maids from School'
Chapter 11 Tin Pan Valley and the Birth of the Modern Musical
Songwriters on Tin Pan Alley
Star spot: George M. Cohan
Little Johnny Jones
Syncopation in Tin Pan Alley songs
Performing a Tin Pan Alley song
32-bar song form
The piano-Tin Pan Alley accompaniment styles
`Ol' Man River'
Spirituals and work songs-the pentatonic scale
`Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man'
The major 7th chord
Types of songs in a musical
Chapter 12 The Golden Age of Broadwar (part 1)
The collaborative music theatre team
Star spot: Rodgers and Hammerstein
`Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin''
Setting lyrics to music
Chromaticism-`People Will Say We?re in Love'
The minor 7th chord
From stage to screen
Chapter 13 The Golden Age of Broadwar (part 2)
Star spot: Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe
West Side Story
The tritone in West Side Story
The pit orchestra
Chapter 14 The Rock Musical
Rock beat and guitar riffs in musicals
Vocal tone colour
Jesus Christ Superstar
Irregular time signatures
Musical techniques in Jesus Christ Superstar
The rock band in music theatre
Chapter 15 The Concept Musical
Star spot: Stephen Sondheim
Chicago's vaudville parallels
A Chorus Line
`At the Ballet'
A musical montage-`Montage'
Homophonic and polyphonic texture-`Bows'
Chapter 16 The Mega Musical
Star spot: Andrew Lloyd Webber
The mass chorus-`At the End of the Day' and `Do You Hear the People Sing?'
`One More Day!'
Combining melodies over a simple harmonic structure
Musical interest in other songs from Les Miserables
Chapter 17 Musical Theatre in Australia
Important Australian contributors
Famous Australian performers
Bran Nue Dae
The jukebox musical
The Boy from Oz
The Australian bush ballad
`I Go to Rio'
The suspended 4th chord and 9th chords
Writing a short jukebox musical
Study themes in music theatre
Adaptable and flexible appeal—for use with all levels of students in Years 7–12
CD-ROM containing printable worksheets, score samples and additional examples
User-friendly style suitable for teachers without a classical or music theatre background
Dedicated chapters featuring Australian content, including little-known background on the history of music theatre in Australia
Teacher Tips throughout the text to aid practical application